Source References

Storm is a bit special regarding references to source code. Instead of using line numbers like most other languages, Storm works with character offsets in text files. This lets Storm point to particular characters using only a single number, rather than using separate lines and columns. This works fine when using Storm alongside an editor that understands these source references, but might be a bit cumbersome in other situations.

To illustrate this, consider a file that contains the following code:

void main() {
    for (Int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
        print("i = " + i);

When we run this file using the command:


We get the following error message (the path will of course be different on your system):

@/home/user/storm/ Syntax error: Can not find an implementation of the operator + for core.Str, core.Int&.

The error starts with a source reference as indicated by the @ character. Directly following the @ is the path of the file that contained the error. The two numbers in parentheses is a range of characters that contain the problem. After that is a colon (:) followed by the error message.

In this case, Storm tells us that there is no operator + for core.Str and core.Int. In this example it is fairly easy to deduce where the error is (there is only one + after all). Regardless, the error states that the error is on characters 70-71 in the file In Emacs, it is possible to jump to the correct character position by typing M-g M-c (i.e. holding down Alt and pressing g followed by c while keeping Alt pressed). Emacs then asks which character to go to. Type 70 and press Enter. This causes the cursor to go to the character before the + character in the file. The reason for the offset of 1 is that Emacs starts counting from 1, while Storm starts counting from 0. So, to go to the correct character, we need to add 1 to the character number. As such, doing M-g M-c 71 then pressing return takes us to the correct character. Other editors work differently, but are likely to provide similar functionality.

To fix the error, we need to convert i to a string by adding .toS. That is, the print statement should read print("i = " + i.toS);.

Integration with Emacs

To make it easier to jump to the location indicated by error messages, it is possible to teach Emacs how errors are formatted by Storm. This is described in the page about Emacs integration.