Syntax Highlighting

It is possible to annotate syntax in the Syntax Language with syntax highlighting information. This information can then be accessed by other parts of the system, and used by the language server to provide syntax highlighting. This information is also used by the documentation system to highlight all code snippnets in this documentation.

Highlighting information can be specified for each token in a production or when defining a rule. This is done by adding a number sign (#) followed by the name of a color to a token. This information is always added to the end of a token, that is after any capture statements. The following colors are supported:

As can be seen from these colors, Storm is not concerned with the actual color of the text. Instead, it reports the syntax class to the editor being used and lets the editor decide which color to use. This makes Storm respect the color theme in use by the editor.

Annotations containing syntax highlighting information can either be placed after a token in a production as follows:

VarDecl : "var" #keyword, "[A-Za-z]+" #varName;

This means that the characters matched by the first regular expression should be colored as a keyword while the characters matched by the second regular expression are colored as a variable name. If multiple highlighting is present for some characters, the annotation closest to the root rule takes precedence. So, if we use VarDecl in a different situation, we can override the highlighting as follows:

X : VarDecl #constant;

Aside from declaring coloring for individual tokens, it is possible to set the coloring for entire rules at once. This is done as follows:

void Modifier() #keyword;
Modifier : "public";
Modifier : "private";

Doing this is equivalent of adding the #keyword annotation everywhere Modifier is used as a token. This can be overridden by adding another modifier when using the rule, as follows:

X : Modifier; // This is equivalent to X : Modifier #keyword;
Y : Modifier #varName; // This overrides #keyword declared on the rule.